Science Communication & Outreach

 Adélie penguins and iceberg, Ross Sea                                                                                               Copyright © Marlo Garnsworthy

Adélie penguins and iceberg, Ross Sea                                                                                               Copyright © Marlo Garnsworthy

Last year, I had the adventure of a lifetime with the United States Antarctic Program (USAP). I am the ongoing Outreach Officer for a joint research mission between URI-GSO, UCSB, and the University of Otago. In late January (2017), we flew in a military cargo plane to McMurdo Station, Antarctica, experienced life at McMurdo, and hiked the volcanic slopes of Ross Island. Then we boarded the RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer, broke ice through the frozen Ross Sea while setting up the research vessel's laboratories, then cruised north into the Southern Ocean, the windiest, roughest, and most remote water on Earth—in our continuing quest to better understand some factors affecting our planet's climate. 

 At McMurdo 

At McMurdo 

We sailed through a force ten gale, a blizzard obscuring massive icebergs all around us. Thousands of miles from land, we rocked and pitched in wild storms, performing oceanographic operations and experiments, including retrieving samples from the deep-sea floor. We lived, worked, and played on a science research vessel and icebreaker for 42 days, saw penguins, orcas, seals, humpback whales, dolphins, albatrosses, petrels, and a myriad of other seabirds, and watched the awe-inspiring shift and ripple of the Aurora Australis.

 Adélie penguins, Ross Sea                                                                                                                      Copyright © Marlo Garnsworthy

Adélie penguins, Ross Sea                                                                                                                      Copyright © Marlo Garnsworthy

 Diatoms                                        Credit: Cristina Riesellman 

Diatoms                                        Credit: Cristina Riesellman 

Aboard the Palmer, our team studied microscopic plants called diatoms—a kind of phytoplankton, which produce the oxygen in every second breath you take. Glass-shelled and intricate, diatoms feed our oceans, providing nutrition for zooplankton and krill, prey for many species. Without diatoms, which take up massive amounts of atmospheric carbon dioxide during photosynthesis, our world would be unrecognizable.

But the concentration of CO2 in our atmosphere is rising, unlocked during our burning of fossil fuels, causing the warming of our atmosphere and oceans, changes in weather patterns, ocean acidification, and rising sea levels. Our team wants to better understand the processes that have driven atmospheric CO2 change in the past so we can better understand how humanity might tackle rising CO2 levels in an uncertain future*.

*This will need to be a global effort—scientists, governments, corporations, community groups, and citizens working together. We cannot wait. We need to act immediately. The problem is real, and it's serious. I urge you not to be complacent or complicit.

 Marine technicians steady the megacorer after its return from the ocean floor.                           Copyright © Marlo Garnsworthy

Marine technicians steady the megacorer after its return from the ocean floor.                           Copyright © Marlo Garnsworthy

As Outreach Officer, I blogged about our voyage and science operations, answered questions from schools and the public, managed social media, built and maintained the expedition website, worked with our scientists as a developmental editor and writing mentor, and visually chronicled our journey in photographs and illustrations.

Now, I'm gearing up for my next Antarctic high-seas adventure. I'm thrilled to have been selected for Outreach Officer for IODP Expedition 382: Iceberg Alley and Subantarctic Ice and Ocean Dynamics

In March next year, I'll return to my beloved Antarctic in my favorite job of all, science communication and outreach, for two months at sea in the area of greatest Antarctic iceberg concentration, ICEBERG ALLEY!

Even better, our work will help us better understand how the Antarctic Ice Sheet (AIS) may behave and how much and how fast sea levels will rise in our warming, changing world. 

This is a dream come true for the second time, and I'm working on three books about these incredible experiences and our important science. 

 If you'd like to know more or have me come speak to your school or group about my experience or about science communication, please contact me

 Aboard the RVIB  Nathaniel B. Palmer                                                                                                                       C redit: Colin Jones

Aboard the RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer                                                                                                                       Credit: Colin Jones